Astronomy vs astrology ryerson

Thus the information it brings is time delayed from its origin to us. Therefore it takes light about 8 minutes to travel from Sun to Earth. Thus we see the Sun as it was 8 minutes ago…back in time! So we see Alpha Centauri as it was 4 years ago! So we can See what the Universe was like 10,,, years ago, when the Universe was newly born! Your clock is exactly synchronized with the satellite clock. The Sun is located 8 light minutes away from Earth. If you wish to observe this flare from your backyard, you need to look at A PM.

B PM. C PM. D None of the above are correct, since this flare has already occurred. Each image shows the people at their 21st birthday parties. Consider the following possible interpretations that could be made from your observations. Which do you think is the most plausible interpretation? A Both people are the same age but at different distances from you. B The people are actually different ages but at the same distance from you.

C The person that is closer to you is actually the older of the two people. D The person that is farther from you is actually the older of the two people. This is a picture of our Milky Way Galaxy. Why do astronomers believe that the universe began with a Big Bang? Bechtel, William. Becker, Wayne M. Kleinsmith, and Jeff Hardin. Guide to Microscopy.

The World of the Cell. Beehler, Bruce M. A Naturalist in New Guinea. Begon, M. Townsend, and J. Ecology: From Individuals to Ecosystems. Malden, MA.

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Behrman, Greg. The Invisible People: How the U. Belkin, Shimshon S. Oceans and Health: Pathogens in the Marine Environment. Belkora, Leila. Bristol, UK: Institute of Physics, Bell, Eric Temple. Detroit, MI: Omni-graphics, Bellwood, Peter. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, Bendick, Jeanne.

How Much and How Many? The Story of Weights and Measures. New York: Franklin Watts, Bennett, J. Armagh, Ireland: Queen's University of Belfast, Bennett, Judith M. Benson, Charles D. Moon Launch! Berggren, William A. Van Couvering, eds. Berinde, Vasile. Exploring, Investigating, and Discovering in Mathematics. Boston, MA: Birkhauser, Bernstein, Jeremy. The Elusive Neutrino.

Honolulu, Hawaii: University Press of the Pacific, Bertolotti, Dan. Tonawanda, NY: Firefly Books, The Concept of the Gene in Development and Evolution. Bevan, Alex, and John De Laeter. Meteorites: A Journey through Space and Time. Bigelis, Ramunas. Billiard, Michel, ed. Sleep: Physiology, Investigations, and Medicine.

Translated by Angela Kent. Biornerud, Marcia. Reading the Rocks: The Autobiography of the Earth. Cambridge, MA: Westview Press, Birney, D. Observational Astronomy. Bishop, Matt. Computer Security : Art and Science. Black, Edwin. New York: St. Martin's Press, Black, Jacquelyn G. Microbiology: Principles and Explorations. Blackburn, Bonnie J. The Oxford Companion to the Year. Blaschke, D. Evanov, and T. Mannel, eds. Heavy Quark Physics.

Blass, Thomas. New York: Basic Books, Bliss, Michael. Harvey Cushing: A Life in Surgery. Block, Bruce A. Boston, MA: Focal Press, Block, Seymour S. Disinfection, Sterilization, and Preservation. Blocksma, Mary. Bloomberg, Baruk S. Princeton: Princeton University, Bocking, Stephen. Bodanis, David. New York: Berkley Trade, New York: Crown, Boden, Margaret.

Bollet, Alfred J. New York: Demos Medical Publishing, Understanding Biotechnology. New York: Prentice Hall, Bowers, Jeffrey S. Rethinking Implicit Memory. Bowker, Geoffrey C. Bowler, Peter J. Boylan, P. Thoth: The Hermes of Egypt. London: Oxford University Press, Chicago: Ares Publishers, Boyle, Robert. Oxford: Boyle, Robert W. Gold: History and Genesis of Deposits. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, Braun, Wernher von, and Frederick I. Ordway, III. Space Travel: A History. Breasted, James Henry, trans. The Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus. Chicago: Chicago University Press, Brickell, Christopher, and Trevor J.

New York: DK Publishing, Brock, Thomas D. Brock, William H. The Norton History of Chemistry. Brody, Baruch A. Brody, Judit. Edinburgh, UK: Floris Books, Broglie, Louis de. Physics and Microphysics. Translated by Martin Davidson. Wakefield, MA: Pantheon Books, Brombacher, W. Mercury Barometers and Manometers. Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards , Brooke, C. A History of the University of Cambridge. Brooke, M. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Ornithology.

Brooks, Rodney Allen. Brophy, Michael. Michael Faraday. Pioneers of Science Series. New York: Bookwright Press, Brophy, Thomas G. New York: Writers Club Press, Brower, Jennifer, and Peter Chalk. National Security and Public Health Policy. Santa Monica, CA: Rand, Brown, Kevin. Gloucestershire, England: Sutton, Brown, Laurie M. The Origin of the Concept of Nuclear Forces.

The Birth of Particle Physics. Brown, Peter Lancaster. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, Brown, Terry. Boston: Blackwell Publishing, Brownlee, Donald, and Peter Ward. New York: Owl Books, Brucher, H. Bruinius, Harry. New York: Knopf, Brundtland, Gro Harlem, ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Brunicardi, F. Charles, et al.

Schwartz's Manual of Surgery. Brunton, Laurence L. New York: McGraw-Hill, Bruus, Henrik. Bud, Robert. Buderi, Robert. Buisseret, David, ed. The Oxford Companion to World Exploration. Burchell, Jon. London: Earthscan, World Health Organization. Hague, Netherlands: Kluwer Law International, Burckhardt, Titus. Alchemy: Science of the Cosmos, Science of the Soul.

Translated by William Stoddart. Bureau International des Poids et Mesures. Burnstein, K. Steroid Hormones and Cell Cycle Regulation. Burrough, Bryan. New York: HarperCollins, Burrows, William E. New York: Forge Books, Burshtein, A. Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter. Burton, David M. Elementary Number Theory. The History of Mathematics: An Introduction. Buschhorn, Gerd W.

Fundamental Physics—Heisenberg and Beyond. Bynum, W. Browne, and Roy Porter. Dictionary of the History of Science. Bynum, William. Science and the Practice of Medicine in the Nineteenth Century. Byrd, William. William Byrd's Natural History of Virginia. Richmond, VA: Dietz Press, Cagin, Seth, and Phillip Dray. New York: Pantheon, Cairns, John, Gunther S. Stent, and James D. Watson, eds. Phage and the Origins of Molecular Biology, 2nd ed.

Caldwell, Mark. New York: Atheneum, Callahan, Gerald N. Infection: The Uninvited Universe. Campbell, Malcolm, and Laurie J. Discovering Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics. New York: Benjamin Cummings, Campbell, Michael J. Campbell, Mary Baine. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, Campbell, N. Campbell-Kelly, Martin, and William Aspray.

Computer: A History of the Information Machine. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, Cantor, Norman F. New York: Perennial, Caplan, Arthur, and Glenn McGee, eds. The Human Cloning Debate. Berkeley: Berkeley Hills Books, Capp, Bernard. English Almanacs — Astrology and the Popular Press. Cardwell, D. Carius, Alexander, and Kurt M.

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Lietzmann, eds. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, Carlson, Elof Axel. Carmichael, Anne G. Plague and the Poor in Renaissance Florence. Carmichael, Terrence, and Alexander Kuklin. Carnot, Sadi. Clapeyron and R. Edited by E. Carrell, Jennifer Lee. New York: Dutton, Carroll, Lewis.

The Game of Logic. London: Macmillan Reprinted in Symbolic Logic and the Game of Logic. New York: Dover, Carson, Rachel. Silent Spring. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company , Cassedy, James H. American Medicine and Statistical Thinking, — Cassidy, David Charles. Freeman and Company, Casti, John L. Cooperation and Conflict in General Evolutionary Processes.

Castro, Peter, and Michael E. Marine Biology. Cavendish, Margaret. Transcribed and edited by Leigh Tillman Partington. Cech, Thomas R. Atkins, and Raymond F. The RNA World. Cefrey, Holly, et al. New York: Rosen Publishing Group, Ceruzzi, Paul E. A History of Modern Computing.

Cambridge, MA: The M. Press, Chaisson, Eric, and Steve McMillan. Astronomy Today. Chambers, Robert. Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation. New York: Humanities Press, Charles, Daniel. New York: Ecco, The Vikings: Voyagers of Discovery and Plunder. Botley, Oxford: Osprey Publishing, Chase, Marilyn. Chen, Francis F.

Introduction to Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion. Cherni, Judith A. New York: Palgrave, Cheswick, William R. Bellovin, and Aviel D. Boston: Addison Wesley Professional, Chien, Philip. New York: Copernicus Books, Chun, Clayton S. Cieslak, M. The Metal Science of Joining. Clarke, Edwin, and C. San Francisco: Norman Publishing, Clarke, Mark.

London, UK: Archetype, Clarke, Philip. Clarke, Thomas Curtis. Secaucus, NJ: Castle, Clawson, Calvin C. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing, Close, William T. Ebola: Through the Eyes of the People. Marbletown, WY: Meadowlark Springs, Cockburn, Andrew. An Introduction to Evolutionary Ecology.

Boston: Blackwell Scientific Publications, Coe, Lewis. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, Cohen, I. Cohen, Jonathan, and William G. Powderly, eds. Infectious Diseases. New York: Mosby, Cohen, Richard Lewis , ed. New York: Academic Press, Cohler, Anne M. Montesquieu: The Spirit of the Laws. Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought.

Cole, Leonard A. Coleman, Carl H. Newark, NJ: Lexis Nexis, Coleman, William. Coleman, William, and I. Edward Alcamo. Deadly Diseases and Epidemics. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, Collier, Michael, and Robert H. Floods, Droughts, and Climate Change. Colthup, Norman B. Daly, and Stephen E. Introduction to Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy. Columbus, Frank, and Volodymyr Krasnoholovets, eds. Developments in Quantum Physics. Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy. National Academy Press, Conrad, Lawrence I. Contagion: Perspectives from Pre-modern Societies.

Brookfield, VT: Ashgate, Cooke, Roger. Corfield, R. London, UK: John Murray , Corsi, Pietro. Translated by Jonathan Mandelbaum. Costanza, R. New York: Columbia University Press, Cotran, Ramzi S. Robbins' Pathologic Basis of Disease. Approximate analysis of statically, indeterminate structures. Analysis of continuous beams and frames using the slope-deflection method. Analysis of statically indeterminate structures using the moment-distribution method.

Influence Lines for statically determinate structures. Prerequisite: CVL Course Weight: Billing Units: 1 CVL Introduction to Structural Design Types of structures; Load and Load factors based on National Building Code of Canada Part 4; Transfer of loads from floor and roof to foundation; Engineering properties of structural steel, Design of steel compression members; Design of statically-determinate steel beams subjected to flexural and shear loading; Engineering properties of concrete and reinforcing steel; Behavior of uncracked and cracked reinforced concrete beam; Design of statically-determinate one-way slabs; Design of statically-determinate reinforced concrete rectangular, T and L beams for flexural and shear; Design of reinforced concrete beam for serviceability; Design of axially-loaded reinforced concrete compression members.

Slope stability, Design of earth retaining structures, open and supported excavations, Design of shallow foundation, Soil bearing capacity and settlement. Design of pile foundation and drilled caissons. Jacobi, Gauss- Seidel methods. At least two alternative designs for the project will be proposed and evaluated based on economic, environmental, and other considerations. Design of steel anchors in concrete. Introduction to prestressed concrete: Pretentioning vs post-tensioning technology; prestressing material properties; Behavior and design of statically- determined prestressed concrete beams in flexure, shear and serviceability; design of precast concrete hollow-core slabs and double-tee beams for building construction.

Tut: 2 hr. Shear wall-frame interaction; Coupled shear walls; Determination of forces using torsion analysis of buildings with randomly distributed concrete shear walls or steel bracings. Concrete and steel column stability to accommodate building lateral drift. Design details of low rise concrete and steel buildings Applications of computer software in structural analysis and design.

Design of two-way reinforced concrete slab systems using Elastic Frame Method; Design of mat foundation and pile caps. Design of common types of concrete retaining walls. Design of masonry wall. Structural framing of timber. Fluid Properties. Fluid Statics. Forces on submerged planes. Fluid motion: velocity, acceleration.

One dimensional flow in conduits. Dimensional analysis. Model testing. Components of the hydrologic cycle; Precipitation, interception, abstraction, infiltration, evaportranspiration, overland runoff, streamflow: hydrological data measurement and monitoring; rainfall-runoff relationships and analyses; surface water hydrology: runoff, unit hydrograph theory, synthetic hydrographs, flow routing.

Computer simulation models for urban and rural watersheds. Topics include: basic electric circuits, voltage and current sources, resistance, analysis of DC circuits, power considerations. Concepts of capacitance, inductance, and their transient behaviour. Discrete probability distributions hypergeometric, binomial, geometric and Poisson distribution. Confidence interval and hypothesis testing concerning mean, variance and proportion for one and two populations. Simple linear regression if time permits. Prerequisite: CVL Course Weight: Billing Units: 1 CVL Geomatics Measurement and Analysis Introduction to photogrammetry, remote sensing, satellite positioning and geographic information systems; Introduction to the use of various sensors and techniques for the acquisition of precise metric and attribute data.

The basic scientific principles of environmental science in the areas of chemistry, physics, ecology, meteorology, microbiology, and epidemiology are reviewed. Preventive solutions and sustainable development are introduced. Concepts on the design of water supply and treatment are described. Water pollution studies include the introduction of water quality parameters, with a discussion on potable water supply including the source, quantity and quality requirements, and water distribution networks.

Experimental laboratory work involving water quality determination: solids, alkalinity, hardness, BOD, chlorination, coliform and bacterial analyses. A review of the history of environmental assessment and its relation to environmental planning principles. A review of current practice in impact assessment, particularly in the province of Ontario, and the major controversies in the field.

These systems include airports, ports, railways, public transit, and bicycles and pedestrians. Topic emphasis will vary by system, but general topics include physical characteristics, design considerations, capacity and level of service, and management strategies. Other tools applicable to all systems include systems analysis approach, analytical models, and economic analysis.

Practical case studies are discussed. Structural and Materials Stream — Please refer to course descriptions listed in seventh semester. Transportation Stream - Please refer to course descriptions listed in seventh semester. This requires knowledge of terminology and concepts, imaging geometry, mathematical models, image acquisition techniques, processing and manipulation of image measurements, and processing and analysis of photogrammetric data. In addition, the students will be familiarized with digital mapping and digital terrain modeling DTM concepts and their implementation and applications in Geomatics and other related disciplines.

Emphasis will be on mathematical techniques used in the acquisition, processing, storage, manipulation, and applications of digital map data and DTMs. See the course description section for a complete listing of Liberal Studies courses online www. Not all courses will be offered every semester to all students. HST U. However, a maximum of two credits only may be used towards their degree requirements. No Placement test is required for this course. Please refer to these Academic Definitions to understand how to correctly interpret a course description: Prerequisite - Student must successfully complete a specific course s prior to enrolling in an advanced course.

Antirequisite — Courses that are anti-requisites of each other contain similar content and cannot be used towards degree requirements. Students may not enroll in a course which lists, as an antirequisite, one which they are also taking or in which they have already obtained standing. Billing Units — The measure used to calculate undergraduate tuition fees. Co-requisite — A course that may be taken concurrently with or prior to another course s.

Course Hours - The hours associated with a given course may include not only lecture, seminar and lab hours but also hours that need to be timetabled in order to allocate resources for those taking the course for such activities as unsupervised studio and lab work, internship and independent study. Course Numbers — As of Fall , all courses were designated by letters and digits. The three letters identify the subject area. The digits identify a unique course title. Three digits identify a single-term course.

No grade is given until completion of both A and B parts of any multi-term course.

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Prior to Fall , single-term courses were referred to as one-term courses and multi-term courses, as two-term courses. All single-term courses have a course weight of 1. All multi-term courses have a course weight of 2. Variances from the above will appear in the individual course descriptions. Liberal Studies - Studies that develop the capacity to understand and appraise the social and cultural context in which the graduate will work as a professional and live as an educated citizen.

Professional Studies - Studies that induce functional competence by presenting the knowledge and developing the skills characteristic of current practice in the career field. Professionally Related Studies — Studies that develop an understanding of the theoretical disciplines upon which the career field is based, or which synthesize the diverse elements of professional study.

At the discretion of the teaching department, performance on term work or specific assignments may be marked on a numeric scale. When a numeric scale is used, it will result in a traditional percentile scale with ranges of conversion to letter grades as shown in the Calendar. If any other numeric scale is to be used, its ranges of conversion to letter grades shall be defined for the students at the start of the course. The state-of-the-art program is designed to prepare high- qualified graduate students to play an active role in enhancing the nation's economic, environmental, and social development.

Emphasis is placed on combining both traditional methods and the latest innovative technologies to generate an intellectual environment in which students can broaden their expertise with a variety of challenging problems. The civil engineering graduate studies program consists of courses, laboratory work, seminar discussions and applied research. The thesis supervisor must approve both the course selections and the thesis research proposal submitted in writing by the student.

With the approval of the supervisor, one of the four courses may be the directed studies course CV , normally conducted by the supervisor. The student's supervisor, after consultation with the student, will recommend to the Program Director the appointment of a Candidacy Examination Committee. Within 16 months of initial registration, every student in the PhD program will undertake a candidacy examination.

The core aspect of the program is the successful defence of the doctorial dissertation. The MASc program requires the successful completion of five one-term course credits, pass a research seminar course, and a research thesis. No undergraduate credits may be taken towards the degree. The supervisor for each graduate student must approve the graduate course selection. The supervisor must also approve the proposed thesis plan, which will be presented in writing by the student.

Course selections are normally confirmed through a Program of Study agreement between supervisor and student, with the approval of the Director. With the approval of the supervisor, one of the five courses may be the directed studies course CV , normally conducted by the supervisor. An oral presentation of the research thesis, and results, will be arranged in a seminar format. The examination committee will assess the candidate's research thesis.

The MEng program requires the successful completion of eight one-term courses and a major project. The faculty advisor for each graduate student must approve the graduate course selection. The faculty advisor must also approve the proposed project plan, which will be presented in writing by the student. Course selections are normally confirmed through a Program of Study agreement between faculty advisor and student, with the approval of the Director. With the approval of the faculty advisor, one of the eight courses may be the directed studies course CV , normally conducted by the faculty advisor.

An oral presentation of the project report, and results, will be arranged in a seminar format. The examination committee will assess the candidate's project report. Award winning professors conduct research and teach courses in the major fields of Environmental Engineering, Geomatics Engineering, Structural Engineering, and Transportation Engineering, which are described below, as well as in Geotechnical Engineering, Materials Engineering, and Construction Management.

Environmental Engineering The environmental engineering field in the graduate program focuses primarily on urban facilities and environment as well as environmental informatics. Within this focus, it emphasizes the analysis of water and waste systems e. Particular social and political issues that arise in these types of analyses relate to sustainable urban systems, and the possibilities for integration across urban systems. Under this field, endless possibilities of interaction exist between the proposed program and the existing masters program in Environmental Applied Science and Management in which many civil engineering faculty members are involved.

Geomatics Engineering This field focuses directly on the various aspects of data collection, information generation and management related to the Earth including the surface, subsurface, water and atmosphere. The main objective of the field is to capture the precise geometric position and attributes related to all features that comprise the terrestrial system of the Earth and, also, extraterrestrial bodies in recent years. The main disciplines in the field include mapping, surveying, geospatial information management, global positioning systems, photogrammetry, remote sensing and cadastral studies.

The field deals with applications and applied research in acquisition, management, analysis, modeling, visualization, dissemination and application of geo-referenced data. This results in commonly known derivatives such as topographic maps, geospatial information systems such as MapQuest and Google Earth, on-board vehicle navigation systems, weather maps and disaster management systems. Structural Engineering This field focuses directly on the various civil engineering means by which the country can deal with the matter of deteriorating built infrastructure.

The main components of the field are structural engineering, construction materials and pavements, and construction project management. These components constitute a program that covers a variety of engineering disciplines and advanced technologies that make it possible to improve the performance of infrastructure elements in terms of their durability; the time, cost, and ease of their construction; and their ability to withstand a wide range of environmental load and operating conditions.

Transportation Engineering Graduate study in transportation at Ryerson prepares you for a professional, teaching, and research career in the planning, design and management of transportation systems with emphasis on the road and transit infrastructure. Admission to the Doctoral program requires a demonstrated capacity to undertake advanced research through successful completion of a Master's Degree in Civil Engineering, or a related Applied Science field, with a minimum graduate grade point average of A-. English Language Proficiency Applicants whose language of instruction during their undergraduate studies was a language other than English are required to submit a test of English language proficiency.

All candidates applying before the published deadline on our website are automatically entered in the competition as part of the application process. These scholarships require separate application. More information on financial assistance is available on the program web site at www. Foster and Hugh Scott. This weekly newspaper in its early days included reports of stockholders' meetings, company reports, quotations of stocks and bonds, market and price reports, advertisements and editorials on business subjects.

In its name changed to The Monetary Times. The Canadian financial newspaper The Monetary Times provided information on Canadian historical financial, political, social and biographical events in the late 19th and early 20th century. Violation of this rule will result in the student being asked to leave the lab.

The following actions may subject the student to the Student Code of Academic or Non-academic Conduct see reference to the Codes in this Student Handbook : 1. Attempting to hack into the server or the workstations. Moving, tampering, or damaging the workstations. Loading illegal software, data, or any other material onto the server or the workstations.

Taking data and software is theft. Anyone found downloading software, data, or any other material from the server or the workstations without proper authority. Using the Civil Engineering Department computer facilities for tasks other than those assigned during a civil engineering program course. Using the lab for word-processing, recreational computer games use, and web surfing except on assigned sites and topics, printing personal material, or executing non-civil engineering program work. Failing to obey requests of faculty members, staff, or lab assistants on matters pertaining to lab operation.

Using the WWW browsers for the purposes of surfing unauthorized sites, sending e-mail from the workstations, or attempting in any way to hack into sites on or off campus. When the labs are not being used for instructional purposes, they are available for approved research use by students. Students conducting degree research projects in the labs must complete online WHMIS, an online introduction to Environmental Health and Safety training and fill out Risk Assessment forms with their faculty technical advisor.

For the forms, please go to www. After business hours, a buddy system takes effect where another individual who also has signed approval must accompany a student working in a lab. Students may have access to the labs on weekends with the approval of the Chair of the Department of Civil Engineering. Access to the physical laboratories for research activities and during paid work periods is administered by your Faculty Advisor and the Civil Engineering Office in MON and can ONLY be given when the proper forms have been completed, signed, and submitted. You may be required to collectively complete the form with your Faculty Advisor.

The password to access the quizzes is aa and also, print your certificate. Each individual within the Ryerson University community shares responsibility for the identification of environmental health and safety hazards and managing the related risks. Contact lenses should never be worn in areas where chemicals or solvents are used. Several of these chemicals display highly corrosive characteristics with the potential to destroy skin tissues. All needed equipment will be provided, except footwear which is to be purchased by the students due to its personal nature. Some labs require hard hats for head protection.

Perforated shoes, sandals or flip-flops must not be worn. Scanty e.

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Lab floors must be maintained, as much as practicable, in a dry condition. Where emergency wet processes may be required e. Where practicable or appropriate, waterproof foot gear must be provided. All solid or liquid wastes, glass or metal chemical containers, and excessive combustible materials must be removed in such a manner as to avoid creating a menace to safety and health, and as often as necessary or appropriate to maintain the place of employment in a sanitary condition. Post warning signs when unusual hazards, such as radiation, flammable materials, biological hazards, or other special problems exist.

Promptly dispose of oily or solvent-saturated clean-up materials in a safety container. All sharp objects are collected in a labeled, rigid puncture proof container and disposed according to type and use. Chemical contaminated glassware must be triple rinsed and the label defaced prior to placement in the broken glass receptacle. The use of makeshift tools and shortcut methods leads to equipment damage and injuries. If you are in doubt, seek the help of the Departmental Technician or your Faculty Supervisor.

Report broken or unusable equipment to the designated Departmental Technician responsible for his respective lab. Lab personnel are prohibited from running equipment unless proper safety precautions have been taken. During business hours, and under normal working conditions, a student must make arrangements with another individual to cross check periodically. Experiments known to be hazardous must not be undertaken by a worker who is alone in a laboratory.

After business hours, a student cannot work in a lab alone and a buddy system must be adopted. If major maintenance or repairs are needed, call attention to them so corrections can be made as soon as possible. Someone else's accident can be as dangerous to you as though you had the accident.


Avoid distracting or startling any other worker. Practical jokes or horseplay cannot be tolerated. Persons with medical alert bracelets should inform the lab technicians so that special arrangements can be made. Chemical storage cabinets are available in each lab. Contamination of food, drink, smoking materials and cosmetics is a potential route for exposure to toxic substances. No alcoholic beverages or illegal drugs will be tolerated. The University is committed to the fostering of an inclusive climate of equitable access, understanding and mutual respect which recognizes the dignity and worth of all persons, provides equal rights and opportunities without discrimination, and protects the privacy, confidentiality, comfort, autonomy and self-esteem of students with disabilities.

This policy applies to academic accommodations involving undergraduate and graduate students in full-time and part-time programs, certificates, and continuing education courses. When possible, supporting documentation must be attached to the letter. The office will notify the instructor when they have receive the request.

Academic misconduct can take many forms, including copying assignments and lab reports from published sources, websites, or peers; cheating on tests and exams; and handing in the same assignment more than once. Ryerson has developed an academic integrity website for students and it contains valuable information along with tutorials and quizzes to help you learn about various types of misconduct, how to avoid misconduct and resources available to assist you.

The website address is: www. Please visit it early and regularly in your academic career and make sure you understand what academic misconduct means and how to avoid it. Students with CLEAR Standing may continue their program studies with no restrictions except for the obligation to satisfy prerequisite requirements. Students with Probationary standing are required to have a developmental Probationary Contract outlining a specific plan for studies and academic supports authorized by their program Department, and signed by the student.

Students who fail to have such a Probationary Contract within five 5 working days of the first day of the semester will have their course registrations and course intention requests cancelled for the term in question. Failure to meet the terms of the Probationary Contract as set out by the School or Department will result in the student being RTW from their Ryerson program.

Except for students who follow the Student Success Program outlined below, who may attain a Clear standing, students who are reinstated to their program after an RTW standing return on Probation. Some programs may reinstate students with a probationary contract which may significantly restrict course load and require successful completion of specific program course. Programs may also specify grades which must be achieved.

A CGPA of less than 1. A term GPA below 1. Students with a GPA of less than 1. Students remain RTW during this semester. If the student fails to achieve a CGPA of 1. Procedures for RTW students who wish to be considered for reinstatement to their program. Students will be allowed to take up to two 2 credit courses, and may be required to participate in other activities or workshops designed to address their needs.

Criteria for participation, terms of the contract and the required outcomes will be established by the program. Students may participate in an SSP only once during their academic careers at Ryerson. Normally withdrawal from, or unsuccessful completion of, an SSP will constitute one attempt. Prior to reinstatement, these students may not enroll in any Ryerson credit course and no courses taken at another institution will be counted towards graduation requirements for a Ryerson degree program.

Students who are not eligible for the SSP,or who do not wish to participate in the SSP, may apply to be reinstated to their program after the third semester following assignment of RTW. Prior to reinstatement, these students may not enroll in any Ryerson credit course s and no courses taken at another institution will be counted towards graduation requirements for a Ryerson degree program. In the third semester following assignment of RTW Standing. Students who successfully complete the requirements of their second semester SSP contract, will be given a further SSP contract, which may allow them to take up to four 4 credit courses.

The terms of the contract and the required outcomes will be established by the program, including part-time programs. Programs, including part-time programs, will provide information each year on the usual criteria used for evaluating acceptable performance in the SSP. Students who do not successfully complete their third semester contract return to RTW Standing, and may apply to be reinstated to their program for the semester following the third semester.

Procedures for students who are assigned an RTW Standing and wish to be considered for transfer to another program: Students must consult with the University Undergraduate Admissions Office and the program to which they wish to transfer. At the program's discretion, a student may follow an SSP sequence as outlined above. Such students will be placed on EAP Standing. If approved for such a transfer SSP, there is an understanding that the transfer program commits to admitting the student pending successful completion of the SSP.

Students may apply for transfer for the semester following the third semester as defined above. Applications for transfer will be considered as outlined below. Procedures for reinstatement or transfer after the period of RTW or Extended Academic Probation: Students who successfully complete their third semester SSP contract are automatically reinstated to their program, and do not need to apply. Past academic performance and space availability will normally be considerations.

Programs, including part-time programs, will provide information each year on the usual criteria used for evaluation of reinstatement applications. Students deemed not to be meeting the program-specified requirements at any time will be withdrawn from the SSP, and will return to RTW Standing. Failure of a course required by their program for a third time; or iii. Denial of reinstatement to their program for a second time.

Students who are permanently withdrawn from a program may not apply for reinstatement into that program. Students who are Permanently Withdrawn from a program may apply to a different program for the Fall semester of the following calendar year. The Centre supports students by arranging accommodations for academic study. All members of the Ryerson community play an important role in providing accommodations that maximize the participation and independence of students with disabilities.

Collaboration between the Access Centre, faculty and staff is key in ensuring the academic success of students with disabilities. For further information, please see the website: www. This report does not represent an irrevocable contract between the student and the University. It is the responsibility of the student to understand and to meet the requirements for graduation. If inaccuracies are found, students should identify the problem s and contact their program department. The University expects that academic judgments by its faculty will be fair, consistent and objective, and recognizes the need to grant academic consideration, where appropriate, in order to support students who face personal difficulties or events.

It is also expected that students will deal with issues which may affect academic performance as soon as they arise. It should be understood that students can only receive grades which reflect their knowledge of the course material. Students should refer to the Student Guide, the Senate and the Enrollment Services and Student Records websites for detailed information on the various academic considerations that may be requested; as well as necessary documents such as appeal forms, medical certificates and forms for religious accommodation; and procedural instructions.

Failure to do so may jeopardize the success of an appeal made at a later date. Students who believe that an assignment, test or exam, either in whole or part, has not been appropriately graded, or that there has been a miscalculation of a grade due to an omission, improper addition, etc. Grades not questioned within this period will not be recalculated at a later date. Students may be required to submit a written request for regrading, stating why the work warrants a higher grade. The instructor must respond within five working days.

A reassessment may result in the grade remaining the same, being raised or being lowered. Students must receive feedback that addresses their rationale for requesting a regrading of the work. Please see the Appeals Policy Section IC for more information about requesting formal regrading of work. Students are responsible for reviewing all pertinent information prior to the submission of a formal academic appeal. Incomplete appeals will not be accepted.

Students are responsible for ensuring that a formal appeal is submitted by the deadline dates published in the Undergraduate Calendar, and must adhere to the timelines established in the policy. The deadline for appealing a grade or academic standing after the term has ended is clearly noted in the Ryerson Calendar. The ryerson. The Undergraduate Studies Associate Chair of the Department of Civil Engineering will adjudicate the appeal and respond to the student by e-mail within five working days of the receipt of the appeal whether the appeal was granted or denied.

NOTE: Since the appeal of a grade may have an effect upon your standing, you must attach a copy of any grade appeal to the standing appeal. Before filing an appeal, a student must determine if one or more of the grounds apply. This appeal may be withdrawn at a later date if the issue is resolved. Students appealing an academic standing must first consult the Associate Chair.

Your academic standing is connected to your grade point average. In order to appeal a standing, you must provide substantial reasons why your standing should be changed. The letter, forms and supporting documentation for your appeals MUST be the original copies. Ryerson is committed to giving students a fair opportunity to learn, but ultimately, if you do not have the knowledge you do not qualify for a Ryerson degree. Grades will not be increased because you want them to be — you must be able to demonstrate that you have the knowledge that everyone else with that grade or academic standing has.

Grades are not given — they are earned. You should use the form available at www. The policy is found at www. Any accommodation must be presented to the professor as soon as possible, and may not be presented after-the-fact. The professor may wish to discuss accommodations with you and the Access Center to ensure that they are appropriate. It is your responsibility to discuss your work with your professor, and he or she may ask you to put your request in writing detailing where you believe the grading is incorrect.

Asserting that the work deserves more marks or that the student disagrees with the mark is not sufficient support for the reassessment. Be aware that your grade could go down or up or remain the same.